Unit 1 Literary Terms

Sectional Quiz A:

ANTONYM: a word with an opposite meaning from another word
LEGEND: a story, based on fact, passed down over a long time
RIDDLE: a word puzzle with a surprise answer
METAPHOR: comparison of two different things, saying "A is B"
EXTERNAL CONFLICT: man against man, nature, or society
SIMILE: comparison of two different things, saying "A is like B"

Sectional Quiz B:

FORESHADOWING: hint or clue predicting future events in a story
INTERNAL CONFLICT: man faced with a decision or his conscience
SYMBOLISM: using a thing to express two different levels of meaning
SIMILE: comparison of two different things, saying "A is like B"
DIALOGUE: a conversation involving two or more characters

Sectional Quiz C:

CLIMAX : final confrontation or decision by the main character
RESOLUTION: to tie up loose ends and unanswered questions
EPIC: an episodic story of a heroic adventure
CHARACTER TRAIT: details that make characters unique and memorable
SYNONYM: a word with a strongly similar meaning to another word
SUSPENSE: the element of tension as the story approaches the climax

Sectional Quiz D:

PARODY: a humorous imitation of another literary work
AUTHOR'S PURPOSE: to inform, to entertain, and to persuade
FABLE: a story with a moral using animals as characters
HUMOROUS IRONY: the unexpected produces comic results
ANALOGY: using a simple example to explain something more complex

Sectional Quiz E:

PERSONIFICATION: giving human qualities to nonhuman things
DIALOGUE: a conversation involving two or more characters
EPIGRAM: a short, wise saying or expression
CHRONOLOGICAL: presenting the plot in natural time order
MYTH: a story created to explain a feature of nature
THEME: central or controlling idea of a literary work
IRONY: an unexpected twist in a reader's or character's expectations

Sectional Quiz F:

FORESHADOWING: hint or clue predicting future events in a story
CHARACTER TRAITS: details that make characters unique and memorable
EPILOGUE: a writer's message coming at the end of his story
RHYME SCHEME: a pattern of end rhyme creating a section or stanza
SATIRE: using humor to mock something in your society

Unit 2 Literary Terms

Sectional Quiz A:

PARADOX: something that seems to be false but is actually true
ALLITERATION: repetition of beginning sounds in poetry
CONTRAST: looking for the differences in two very similar things
INFERENCE: to make an educated guess based on available evidence
PERSONIFICATION: giving human qualities to nonhuman things
ORAL LITERATURE: stories not written, but passed down over generations

Sectional Quiz B:

EPIC HERO: the main character in a story of heroic adventure
CULTURAL REFERENCE: something of the author's time and place in the writing
SYMBOLISM: using a thing to express two different levels of meaning
SUSPENSE: the element of tension as the story approaches the climax
ROMANCE: a heroic adventure, using knights and chivalry
RISING ACTION: obstacles are overcome and the suspense builds

Sectional Quiz C:

NARRATOR: the speaker who is presenting the details of a story
EXPOSITION: introduces character, setting, and problem of a story
IMAGERY: words or phrases that create a mental picture
THEME: central or controlling idea of a literary work
EXTENDED METAPHOR: saying "A is B" in many different ways
MONOLOGUE: the narrator is directly telling a story to his audience

Unit 3 Literary Terms

Sectional Quiz A:

Unit 3 Literary Terms
BALLAD: a song-like poem that tells a story
DIALECT: the sounds of language for a group of people or region
REFRAIN: a line or group of lines repeated at intervals
MOOD: the atmosphere of a setting produced by descriptive details
COUPLET: two rhyming lines of matching length
INCONSISTENCY: when a character's behavior contradicts expectations

Sectional Quiz B:

PARAPHRASE: to translate something into your own words
ANECDOTE: a short, humorous tale, based on a single episode
CONTRAST: looking for the differences in two very similar things
POETIC REPETITION: using a word or phrase to stress an idea
THEME: central or controlling idea of a literary work

Sectional Quiz C:

GENRE: a classification or type of literature
TERZA RIMA: third rhyme as in A B A B C B C D C
ALLEGORY: a story made up of multiple symbolic elements
SYMBOL: a thing used to express two different levels of meaning

Unit 5 Literary Terms

Sectional Quiz A:

DRAMA: literature meant to be performed on stage
TRAGEDY: a kind of play dealing with the downfall of a heroic character
MOTIVATION: the reasons behind a character's actions
PARAPHRASE: to translate something into your own words

Sectional Quiz B:

TONE: a writer's treatment of his work--formal or informal
ASSONANCE: poetic sound pattern using repeated vowel sounds
POETIC REPETITION: using a word or phrase to stress an idea
TRIBUTE: a work written to praise a person or thing
ALLUSION: a reference to something culturally well-known
SOLILOQUY: a speech involving a character thinking aloud

Sectional Quiz C:

REFRAIN: a line or group of lines repeated at intervals
RHYTHM: the sound pattern of accented syllables produced by meter
SONNET: 14 lined, lyric poem, using iambic pentameter
STANZA : a group of lines forming a section of a poem
LYRIC POEM: a poem the deals with an individual's thoughts and feelings

Sectional Quiz D:

ARCHAIC: old vocabulary that's no longer in use
PASTORAL POETRY: poems based on natural settings and flowing water
PARODY: a humorous imitation of another literary work
ACRONYM: a word created out of an abbreviation for other words

Sectional Quiz E:

IRONY: an unexpected twist in a reader's or character's expectations
PICARESQUE NOVEL: a tale of a heroic adventure in a pastoral setting
FOIL: a character used to call attention to features in the main character
TONE: a writer's treatment of his work--formal or informal

Unit 6 Literary Terms

Sectional Quiz A:

RHYTHM: the sound pattern produced by meter in poetry
RED HERRING: a decoy or diversion from the main issue
LYRIC POEM: a poem the deals with an individual's thoughts and feelings
ALLUSION: a reference to something or someone well-known
PARADOX: something that seems to be false but is actually true
CAVALIER POETRY: poems dealing with love, fun, and adventure

Sectional Quiz B:

PROSE: literature not in verse, written as fiction or nonfiction
PARABLE: a biblical story with a moral or lesson
ARCHAIC: old vocabulary that's no longer in use
IMAGERY: words or phrases that create a mental picture
ETYMOLOGY: the dictionary study of word source or history

Sectional Quiz C:

FAMILIAR QUOTATION: often repeated lines whose source no longer matters
CONTRAST: looking for the differences in two very similar things
ESSAY : writing that examines a given subject through the author's point of view
HYPERBOLE: extreme exaggeration for humorous effect
METONYMY: substitution of a part to represent the whole (pen = wisdom)

Sectional Quiz D:

DIALECT: the sounds of language for a group of people or region
FIELD LABELS: dictionary classifications of words with technical usages
HEROIC COUPLET: two rhyming lines of iambic pentameter with an end stop
PARADOX: something that seems to be false but is actually true

Unit 7 Literary Terms

Sectional Quiz A:

EXPOSITION: introduces character, setting, and problem of a story
RISING ACTION: obstacles are overcome and the suspense builds
CLIMAX : final confrontation or decision by the main character
FALLING ACTION: looking at the implications of the final decision
RESOLUTION: to tie up loose ends and unanswered questions
INFERENCE: to make an educated guess based on available evidence

Sectional Quiz B:

POINT OF VIEW: the narrator's way of presenting the details of a story
IDIOMS: expressions that have a meaning beyond dictionary definitions
FORESHADOWING: hint or clue predicting future events in a story
METER: pattern of accented and unaccented syllables in lines of poetry
THEME: central or controlling idea of a literary work
IAMB: a pair of syllables--unaccented and accented

Sectional Quiz C:

ALLITERATION: repetition of beginning sounds in poetry
PERSONIFICATION: giving human qualities to nonhuman things
EPITAPH: an inscription for the dead on a stone or monument
CONSONANCE: repetition of consonant sounds in lines of poetry
ALLUSION: a reference to something culturally well-known

Sectional Quiz D:

GLOSS: margin notes to help the reader understand the literature
BALLAD: a song-like poem that tells a story
IMAGERY: words or phrases that create a mental picture
FRAME STORY: a large tale which contains shorter stories within
MONOLOGUE: the narrator is directly telling a story to his audience

Sectional Quiz E:

SUBTITLE: a secondary title reflecting added features of the work
PARODY: a humorous imitation of another literary work
ELEGY: a speech given at a person's funeral
FIGURATIVE: the implied or suggested meaning of an expression
PROPHECY: a prediction of the future; to look ahead

Sectional Quiz F:

SONNET: 14 lined, lyric poem, using iambic pentameter
BIBLIOGRAPHY: a listing of information for books used in research
ONOMATOPOEIA: a word that matches the "sound" something makes
EPITAPH: an inscription for the dead on a stone or monument
SATIRE: using humor to mock something in your society

Sectional Quiz G:

TYPES OF NONFICTION (see pages 500-01 for list)
ANALYSIS: using logic to break down and examine a subject
FOLKLORE: literature that belongs to a group or culture

Sectional Quiz H:

SOLILOQUY: a speech involving a character thinking aloud
COMPLICATION (drama): plot elements that serve as obstacles
SATIRE: using humor to mock something in your society
HYPERBOLE: extreme exaggeration for humorous effect: